The right to prevent someone from affixing a mark to goods or using it in conjunction with goods or services without the permission of its holder. Trade Mark is primarily European English usage, Trademark North-American English
Any confidential business information which provides an enterprise a competitive edge may be considered a trade secret. Trade secrets encompass manufacturing or industrial secrets and commercial secrets. The unauthorized use of such information by persons other than the holder is regarded as an unfair practice and a violation of the trade secret. Depending on the legal sys- tem, the protection of trade secrets forms part of the ge- neral concept of protection against unfair competition or is based on specific provisions or case law on the protection of confidential information.